The second issue is that the female will often attack the male when they are in season to prevent mating. Chinchillas can also tell their owner to leave them alone. The babies are cute, but don't count on being able to sell them. Chinchillas should be placed into breeding before they turn 2 years old for optimum ability to breed. Both male and female chinchillas reach sexual maturity at 8 months old. Chinchillas are now endangered in the wild and are only found in the mountains of northern Chile. Chinchillas, however, rarely fight each other. If your lights are on a timer (I set mine for 12 hours), chins will breed year round. If your lights are on a timer (I set mine for 12 hours), chins will breed year round. They mate seasonally based upon the light cycle. The female chinchilla's gestation period is 110 to 124 days. Chinchillas have up to 4 kits per litter (2 is usual) and may have 1 to 3 litters per year. Birth Weight. (Examples include cats, ferrets, and rabbits.) Chinchillas are nocturnal animals and make their home by taking shelter in tiny rock crevasses or burrowing into the ground and creating a network of underground tunnels. The average weight of a newborn chinchilla is 30 – 60 grams (1 – 2 ounces). chinpoo@sunsetchinchillas.com, Growth and Reproduction of the Chinchilla. It should be at least a dime in width, and a dime and a half in length. Occasionally a fetus is retained; those will usually pass within a week and you will find them in the cage. Mating usually takes place at night, but often it also can be observed in the evening or the early morning hours. They will still climb and get through the holes at the top. Housing; A fellow breeder regularly had births between 60 and 80g, but also had a high kit mortality rate. © Sunset Chinchillas 1998 - 2020 my two chinchillas Molly and Chinny trying to start a new family The kits are born with fur and open eyes and should be able to walk within an hour of birth. Things that make a good environment are; consistency in temperature, feeding, cleaning, watering, no sudden noises, good air circulation and cool (60 degrees). Sie müssen wissen, welche Farbe die Eltern- und möglichst auch die Großelterntiere hatten, um die Vererbung des Letalfaktorszu verhindern! It is a good idea to check the pelvis size on females. Average is around 111, mine have varied depending on how many kits are being carried and the stress level of the mother. The average litter size is between 1 – 6 young, called Kits. They will be restless, urinate more frequently, and scratch the bedding. Approximately 30 percent of chins behave in this manner, with the mother often passing the trait on to her offspring. Occasionally you will get two large kits and one really small (20g range). When the female is receptive to mating, the male initiates by grooming the female and will attempt to mount her. The majority of chinchillas stick to this ‘schedule’, while some which are especially fertile can reproduce throughout the year. The female chinchilla may need some time to ease into breeding and will come into season every 30-40 days. If you go with runs and don't want a breed back, you'll need to close dad off a couple weeks before the kits are born. They have good sexual desire and breeding ability all year round. You may find a hard, dime-sized ball after she has given birth; this is a partially reabsorbed fetus. Also, if your female has a plug at her vagina, it will fall out when she is in season. Chinchillas may chew their fur or the fur of other chinchillas for a variety of reasons, including stress, malnutrition, boredom, overactive hormones or an uncomfortable environment. In my experience, a breeding herd breeds more consistently when kept between 52 and 68 degrees. Chinchillas are seasonally polyestrous. Around 1900, Chile exported about 500,000 chinchilla skins each year. Gestation; Chinchillas have been hunted mercilessly for their dense, soft fur, which has been prized in fashion. The smaller ones tend to die in the first few days. It can take a few minutes to several hours for a chinchilla to give birth once she starts contracting. A mother is very protective of her kits and can be aggressive toward those that threaten her babies. You will notice the female is very sickly during this time. Zwischen den einzelnenWürfen sollte ein mindest Abstand von 5 - 6 Monaten liegen, damit das Weibchen sichvon der anstrengenden Schwangerschaft, Geburt und Aufzucht erholen kann und einHöchstabstand von 12 Monaten. First-time owners should not breed these animals. They are also aggressive toward male chinchillas during mating season. The most suitable season for reproduction of chinchillas may be from January to April, and a summer anoestrous seems to be present in August to early September as reported by Weir." Female chinchilla is dominant by nature compared to male counterparts. Chins come into heat around the time of birth. The kits are born with their eyes open, covered in fur, and weigh around 2 ounces. Most chinchillas ovulate spontaneously, but they will also ovulate in response to being mated. She may be in heat for 28-35 days. Rabbit style breeding cages where the mesh is smaller on the bottom and larger on the top are not good. If they do not wish to be picked up, they will often push against the owner’s had with their front paws. Average is 5-10 minutes between kits, but I have seen them born much more quickly, and several hours apart. This is big enough to fit the flat of your thumb in, for someone with smaller hands. Their mating season is between November and May in the northern hemisphere. Too little body fat, and the female will not ovulate. Located in San Antonio, Texas. The Pelvis Why? Chinchillas become sexually mature when they are around eight months old. A chinchilla’s gestation period is 111 days. Annoyed or angry chinchillas may release their scent gland. If the female does not give birth, she may reabsorb the kits and be at a high risk of infection. Temperature; If you have a very stable environment and change one of those things you will notice a weight drop, or they will go off of feed immediately. Injury is possible, so mating chinchillas should be supervised for their safety. Because the seasons are different in the southern hemisphere, the winter months run from June to September and spring comes after. Kit Size; Breeding season is mainly during November and May, however, they may breed at any time of the year. Breed backs and estrus; This isn't to say you can't keep a pair in a high traffic area, like your kitchen, we did. Any warmer and the litters drop off. The most suitable season for reproduction of chinchillas may be from January to April, and a summer anoestrous seems to be present in August to early September as reported by Weir." Originally found in the Andes Mountains of Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina, chinchillas were hunted and trapped for their pelts to near extinction in the early 1900s. Size tends to be related to litter quantity. It isn't uncommon for kits to be trampled to death during a breed back, many breeders place soup cans on their sides in the cage for the kits to get into. Males should be placed into breeding when they are approximately 7 or 8 months old. It is desirable for them to "look like a brick" from the top down, but overall, shape will be overlooked for clarity, color and density. They live in colonies called "herds" at high elevations of up to 4,270 m (14,000 ft). Here you will find information on chinchilla breeding and where to find a chinchilla. A good breeding animal should be over 650g and have clear, dense fur. Wild chinchilla mating season is during the winter months through to late spring. The breeding season is mostly from November to May in the Northern Hemisphere and from May to November in the Southern Hemisphere. They did not like changes outside of our routines, like guests, dogs, children, or noisy new things. If it is spring, a female will come in 30 days after having kits. Note that the animals had been acclimated to the slowly rising temperatures all spring. This can be a scary fact to know as a pet parent as Chinchillas don’t actually have a mating season. Too much, and it will build up in the vaginal tract and make birthing difficult, or the female will never take. Chinchillas are matriarchal animals, which means, females, dominating family culture. Chinchillas Can Breed at Any Time and Often Have More Than One Baby at a Time. Females will give birth between 106 and 118 days from the time of fertilization. People want as big as possible; 800, 900, and 1,000+ gram animals. This can start some bloody fights, even in colonies that have been together for a long time. In some instances a female chinchilla will produce a “mating plug” – essentially a small dry white object emitted after successful reproduction. If you use a natural light source females generally will not breed between the months of October and December. Nach maximal 5 Würfen sollte ein Chinc… Chinchillas can have from 1 to 6 kits in a litter although more then 3 is unusual. Birth usually occurs in the morning and the babies, known as kits, are born a few minutes apart. She is an excellent parent who supplies the young chinchillas with milk, warmth, and protection. Chinchilla Breeding. BABY'S BIRTH! The chinchilla is a small mammal native to South America. Please ask for permission before using photos or information from this site. If you've got a close knit colony, all of the females tend to give birth together and will take turns caring for the kits. Chinchillas are matriarchal, and the females are often aggressive toward each other. Most have fans to circulate the air, and feed and clean on a regimented schedule. The female will then be capable of breeding again. Induced ovulators are animals that ovulate in response to mating. In general, the larger, (fatter), blocky-type chins tend to only have one kit per litter, rarely two. Chins exert a lot of energy to keep themselves cool, and I have seen them regulate a 12" x 10" box to 75 when the outside temperature is 85 or more. This is different to many other animals which only start breeding when spring arrives, and through into the summer. The female gestation period is quite long compared to other rodents, lasting around 111 days. Environment; They aren't terribly talented, and like to shoot up to the top and let go. 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chinchilla mating season

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