Adequate amounts of fenugreek can control blood sugar levels, aiding metabolic conditions, and increasing insulin sensitivity. La graine doit être grillée ou ramollie dans l'eau avant son utilisation en poudre dans le masala. Also used in traditional medicine, fenugreek can increase the risk for serious medical side effects, though its culinary use (in smaller quantities) is usually believed to be safe. [23], Constituents of fenugreek seeds include flavonoids, alkaloids, coumarins, vitamins, and saponins; the most prevalent alkaloid is trigonelline and coumarins include cinnamic acid and scopoletin. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Le fenugrec, ou trigonelle fenugrec (Trigonella foenum-graecum), aussi appelé trigonelle ou sénégrain, est une espèce de plantes herbacées de la famille des Fabaceae, section des protéagineux. On lui a depuis trouvé d'autres propriétés plus avérées : la plus clairement établie est son activité hypoglycémiante (réduction de la glycémie) dans certains diabètes[3],[4],[5], suivie de son activité hypocholestérolémiante (réduction du taux de cholestérol et des triglycérides)[6], ce qui rend cette plante très intéressante dans le traitement des facteurs de risques cardiovasculaires. C'est un des ingrédients du curry. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is an annual forage legume and a traditional spice and aromatic crop that has been grown for centuries across the Indian subcontinent. Certain interactions can occur for those on anticoagulants, antiplatelet, and antidiabetic medications. Des extraits de fenugrec sont présents dans le Viandox[33]. Plant. Fenugreek is an erect, hairy and annual plant that reaches from 10-50 cm high. Charred fenugreek seeds have been recovered from Tell Halal, Iraq (carbon dated to 4000 BC), and Bronze Age levels of Lachish and desiccated seeds from the tomb of Tutankhamen. Reply. Il est utilisé principalement comme plante médicinale et condimentaire. In addition to South Asia, the crop is also grown in some parts of North Africa, Middle East, Mediterranean Europe, China, South East (SE) Asia, Australia, the USA, Argentina and Canada. C'est une cuisson longue d'oignons, d'ail, de paprika, de gingembre, de safran, servant de base à un bouillon dans lequel vont cuire ensuite des lentilles et des fèves sèches et enfin des tomates fraîches… Cela aboutit à une sorte de « sauce » épaisse qui sera versée sur du pain complet (ou de campagne) rassis (d'où la notion de récupération) coupé en petits morceaux, le tout étant présenté dans un grand tagine familial. On en trouve encore dans les officines traditionnelles sous forme de graines à inclure dans les préparations[réf. [2][3], Fenugreek sprouts, cultivated from a single specific batch of seeds imported from Egypt into Germany in 2009, were implicated as the source of the 2011 outbreak of Escherichia coli O104:H4 in Germany and France. Voir aussi Cancer du sein#Le cancer du sein au Japon. Blackpepper, Igbo name= Oziza seed. P. Gabay, «Galactogogues: medications that induce lactation». It has long and slender stems which bear toothed, tripartite, grey to green obocate leaves. L'épithète spécifique foenum-græcum, dérivée du latin fenum (ou foenum) « foin », et græcus, « grec », rappelle son utilisation comme fourrage dans l'Antiquité. The plant has yellowish/off-white flowers, seed pods, and is native to the mediterranean area and to Asia. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. La saveur des graines est amère et rappelle le céleri. [2][3] Fenugreek seeds can cause diarrhea, dyspepsia, abdominal distention, flatulence, perspiration, and a maple-like smell to sweat, urine or breast milk. A key ingredient due to its versatility, fenugreek has many forms and is available in dried, ground and seed form. In local language it is known as Methi, is the most common vegetable grown throughout the country. Pls I will also lk to know the local name (yoruba, hausa or igbo) for fenugreek seeds, chirayata, astragalus herb, fennel, parsley, sage, stinging nettle, datur, fenurek and fever nut . Son action galactogène (lactation) est reconnue dans les pays du monde arabe[7],[8]. Fenugreek is LIKELY SAFE for people when taken by mouth in amounts normally found in foods. Its Latin scientific name is Trigonella foenum-graecum. Sur une longue durée, l’huile de fenugrec peut provoquer des réactions allergiques sur le corps, notamment en usage externe. Its seeds and leaves are common ingredients in dishes from the Indian subcontinent. The name Fenugreek comes from the Latin meaning 'Greek hay.' Jews use a curry preparation of Fenugreek in certain rituals and customs of their religion. Other names for fenugreek: Greek hay – literal translation of its Latin name ; Greek clover; Bird’s foot; Medhika/Methika – Sanskrit/Indian name; Methi – Hindi; Alholva – Spanish; Hu lu ba – name in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Since the raw seeds can taste bad, they are normally cooked. nécessaire], En Égypte, une des approches traditionnelles chez les femmes pour gagner du poids et pour le mal de ventre est d'utiliser l'infusion de fenugrec [22]. Seeds are boiled to make a drink that is consumed at home, as well as in coffee shops. [25], Because research on potential biological effects of consuming fenugreek has provided no high-quality evidence for health or anti-disease effect, fenugreek is not approved or recommended for clinical use by any governmental health agency. nécessaire][30]. Tiger nut, common name= Hausa groundnut. [15] Peasants in Upper Egypt add fenugreek seeds and maize to their pita bread to produce aish merahrah, a staple of their diet. Enfin, certaines préparations exotiques de fenugrec peuvent contenir des contaminants comme l'aflatoxine à des doses faibles[29]. De nombreuses allégations prouvées ou non concernant les bienfaits du fenugrec. [3] Fenugreek may affect uterine contractions and be unsafe for women with hormone-sensitive cancers. [6], In one first-century A.D. recipe, the Romans flavoured wine with fenugreek. Cumin, black pepper, and other spices are added into it, especially to make pastırma. Fenugreek is the small stony seeds from the pod of a bean-like plant. Dried fenugreek is one those those magic spices or Indian herb that instantaneously uplifts the flavour of many Indian dishes. Mild Interactions of fenugreek include: shark cartilage; This document does not contain all possible interactions. J. Raju, «Alleviation of hepatic steatosis accompanied by modulation of plasma and liver TNF-alpha levels by Trigonella foenum graecum (fenugreek) seeds in Zucker obese (fa/fa) rats», Diosgenin, a steroid saponin of Trigonella foenum graecum (Fenugreek), inhibits azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation in F344 rats and induces apoptosis in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. [2][3] Fenugreek is not approved or recommended for clinical use by any governmental health agency. Fenugreek has a lot to offer this world, with the possibility that many more benefits lie yet undiscovered. [12][3] Fenugreek is used as a flavoring agent in imitation maple syrup or tea, and as a dietary supplement. Bear in mind that some of these local names are often used interchangeably for other seeds. Kola nut, Igbo name= oji. In Egyptian cuisine, fenugreek is known by the Arabic name hilba or helba حلبة. It is cultivated worldwide as a semiarid crop. Also known as wild eggplant or prickly nightshade, the local names are kwanwu nsosuaa, kantɔsi, and abeduru. You can discuss any issues bothering you. (Karetot 6a; Horiyot 12a) Rabbenu Nissim at the end of Rosh Hashana, citing the custom of R Hai Gaon. Albertus baruck. Wallnut, Igbo name=ukpa. Des cas d'allergie[27] et d'asthme occupationnel induits par le fenugrec ont été rapportés[28]. Améliorez sa vérifiabilité en les associant par des références à l'aide d'appels de notes. It has fingery structure roots. L'ingestion de fenugrec peut donner une odeur particulière aux urines et à la sueur, rappelant celle de la maladie du sirop d'érable[26]. It possesses white or pale yellow axillary flowers. Laced with a distinct aroma, spell-binding flavor and a host of health benefiting properties, local kitchens of India have embraced this humble ingredient in its varying forms. Les feuilles s'emploient comme des pousses d'épinard. Le fenugrec est hépatoprotecteur, en particulier dans l'intoxication à l'éthanol[9] et dans la stéatose hépatique associée à l'obésité[10]. Mishnah a compendium of Jewish oral law has mentioned the plant as tiltan under Hebrew name. ». Il est cité au Moyen Âge dans le capitulaire De Villis, qui fut à l'honneur jusqu'au XVIIe siècle. Also used in traditional medicine, fenugreek can increase the risk for serious medical side effects, though its culinary use (in smaller quantities) is usually believed to be safe. The plant is also known as Greek Hay and is an annual herb that grows along the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea. Le fenugrec est originaire de l'Afrique du Nord (région méditerranéenne). En Inde, il est utilisé comme fourrage[36]. [12][3], Cuboid-shaped, yellow- to amber-coloured fenugreek seeds are frequently encountered in the cuisines of the Indian subcontinent, used both whole and powdered in the preparation of pickles, vegetable dishes, dal, and spice mixes such as panch phoron and sambar powder. This is an aromatic Mediterranean plant that produces long pods containing oblong, brownish seeds. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Lebas F., 2018. [3][4], This is based on the assumption that the Aramaic name רוביא corresponds to it. En effet, des réactions d'hypersensibilité ont été rapportées [...]". Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties have yet to be fully explored. Le fenugrec étant dans la même sous-famille que la plante Arachis, les personnes allergiques aux arachides sont plus à risques pour ce qui est des cas d'allergies alimentaires au fenugrec.[réf. Une action anti-parasitaire du fenugrec a aussi été rapportée[20], ainsi qu'un effet antifongique d'un peptide isolé du fenugrec[21]. I am not familiar with these roadside berries at all in terms of how Ghanaians cook with it. Votre nom. July 9, 2016 at 10:39 AM . Mint leaf, Yoruba name= Ewo Robb. Reply. Note : Le HTML n’est pas pris en charge ! It is eaten daily and ceremonially during the meal of the first and/or second night of the Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashana.[19]. Fenugreek has no known severe, serious, or moderate interactions with other drugs. what is the yoruba and local name of origanum vulgare. N. Dilsiz, «Protective effects of various antioxidants during ischemia-reperfusion in the rat retina». Votre avis. If one thing is sure, however, is that you can take advantage of what’s on show today, and improve your life with this little miracle herb. A. Rai, «Correlates between vegetable consumption and gallbladder cancer». The genus name Trigonella comes from old Greek, and it means “three-angled,” which is an apt description of the corolla of the plant. Le fenugrec est utilisé en viticulture et agriculture comme engrais vert ou couvert végétal. Some are oblong, some rhombic, other virtually cubic, with a side of about 3mm (1/8”). Samudra methi is also grown in dry river beds in the Gangetic plains. In Turkish cuisine, fenugreek seeds are used for making a paste known as çemen. This site is very very educative and helpful, The author had really help solved some of problems in herbal pharmacology by providing names both local and international. Il est donc recommandé, si l'on suit un traitement par anti-vitamine K, ou par warfarine, de suivre ses données biologiques (INR) de manière rapprochée lors de l'initiation d'un régime contenant du fenugrec. When the seed kernels are ground and mixed with water they greatly expand; hot spices, turmeric and lemon juice are added to produce a frothy relish eaten with a sop. It is uncertain which wild strain of the genus Trigonella gave rise to domesticated fenugreek. Kasuri methi in Spanish – Secas fenogreco hojas. The leaves are high in iron and vitamin C so excellent in pregnancy. The seeds are hard, yellowish brown and angular. Both the seeds and leaves are used in various ways in cooking and the leaves are used as a vegetable in India. Il s'est répandu très tôt dans les mondes méditerranéen et indien, puis jusqu'en Chine[réf. Turmeric is called kurkum in the north but that’s an Arabic name. Commercial varieties of Fenugreek (Methi): Kasuri, RMt 1,Pusa,RMt 143, Early,Co-1 punching type, Methi No- 47, No- 14, EC- 4911,Rajendra Kanti,HM 103,Hissar Sonali are the important varieties of fenugreek (methi). [2][3] Because of the high content of coumarin-like compounds in fenugreek, it may interfere with the activity and dosing of anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs. D'où son nom arabe, حلبه (hèlba), qui provient de حليب (halib) qui signifie « lait ». [7] In the 1st century AD, in Galilee, it was grown as a staple food, as Josephus mentions it in his book, the Wars of the Jews. [8] The plant is mentioned in the 2nd-century compendium of Jewish Oral Law (Mishnah) under its Hebrew name tiltan. [14] Sprouted seeds and fenugreek greens are used in salads. The botanical name for fenugreek means “Greek hay”, since it was used at one time to scent poor quality hay. Cette plante annuelle peut donc être semée de mars à septembre et couvrir une parcelle pendant trois mois. Le nom du genre Trigonella, du grec ancien τρίγωνος, trígônos, « triangulaire », fait référence à la forme anguleuse de sa graine. On a ainsi envisagé d'utiliser ses propriétés anti-oxydantes en tant qu'anticancéreux[18] ou dans la prévention des effets délétères des mécanismes d'ischémie-reperfusion au niveau cardio-vasculaire[19]. [13], Fresh fenugreek leaves are an ingredient in some curries, such as with potatoes in cuisines of the Indian subcontinent to make "aloo methi" ("potato fenugreek") curry. Meaning, translation and how to say, What's the Hausa name for fennel seed and fenugreek in Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba, English| Nigerian Dictionary On en extrait aussi une huile essentielle[34].[réf. How Does Kasuri Methi Taste. But generic name for such and related herbs such as basil scent leaf etc is Doddoya Fenugreek is Hulba(again Arabic) Ewedu is Lalo related to it is Karkashi which I is darker with smaller leaves Fenugreek was historically used as a laxative, expectorant and stomachic. In a 100 g amount, fenugreek seeds provide 1,350 kilojoules (323 kcal) of food energy and contain 9% water, 58% carbohydrates, 23% protein and 6% fat, with calcium at 40% of the Daily Value (DV, table). Although once a folk remedy for an insufficient milk supply when nursing, there is no good evidence that fenugreek is effective or safe for this use. [2] Research into whether fenugreek reduces biomarkers in people with diabetes and with pre-diabetic conditions is of limited quality. Fenugreek has warming, pungent and bitter characteristics. Taken in the form of food in fenugreek is generally safe for healthy individuals. They are often roasted to reduce inherent bitterness and to enhance flavour. [3][4], Fenugreek is believed to have been brought into cultivation in the Near East. En Afrique et au Moyen-Orient, le fenugrec entre dans la fabrication de mélange d'épices aromatiques, sous différents noms vernaculaires, comme le ras-el-hanout maghrébin. Le fenugrec entrait dans le processus d'embaumement des anciens Égyptiens. 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