Location:  Native to Japan but can be grown in other parts of the world Nearly all of the plants on this list are the only remaining species in their genus, family, and even order. It is the oldest living human-planted tree in the world with a known planting date.? The plant is named after the Austrian botanist and doctor Friedrich Welwitsch, who was the first European to describe the plant in 1859. California's "Methuselah" bristlecone is nearly 5,000 years and it has lived longer than any other tree. The Japanese umbrella pine (also called koyamaki or Sciadopitys verticillata) is an ancient coniferous tree native to Japan. Gomez studied more than 1,000 fossils of the extinct aquatic plant Montsechia, recovered in abundance from sites in Spain and preserved in collections across Europe. It is a medium-size tree that can reach up to 5 to 15 m (16 to 49 ft) tall and trunk diameter can be up to 2.5 to 3.6 m (8 to 12 ft). Like many ancie… Agathis (commonly called kauri or dammar) are ancient coniferous trees that date back to the Carboniferous (358.9 – 298.9 million years ago) era. However, there is more to this tree other than the fact that it is 5,065 years old, which slightly complicated the notion of ‘’oldest’’, as we discuss it now. Required fields are marked *. Some of the oldest definitive moss fossils are from the Carboniferous (358.9 – 298.9 million years ago) period but there is evidence that suggests moss appeared much earlier. 2 (Feb. 1980), pp. Copyright 2020 Oldest.org | Terms | Privacy | Contact | Facebook, Spread the loveThe Big Bang, which occurred about 13.8 billion years ago, is considered the beginning of the universe. Pinus longaeva, White Mountains, CA, USA (5,062 years old) Discovered in 2013, this tree is known … In its native Australia, potted Wollemia are sold as an alternative to Christmas trees. The tree is believed to be 5,066 years old! photo source: Wikimedia Commons Mossare the oldest plants in the world with the plants’ ancestors living about 470 million years ago. Location:  Native to temperate parts of Eurasia and Africa but found around the world According to OLDLIST, a database of ancient trees, the oldest known living bristlecone is a 5,062-year-old tree in the White Mountains of California. The oldest plant ever to be regenerated has been grown from 32,000-year-old seeds—beating the previous recordholder by some 30,000 years. Bennett Juniper: 2,200: Western juniper Juniperus occidentalis: Sierra Nevada, California: United States: SHP 7: 2,110: Foxtail pine Pinus balfouriana: Sierra Nevada California: United States: BLK232 Age: 358.9 – 298.9 million years At least 125 million years old, and named Archaefructus sinensis (ancient fruit from China), it was found in a slab of stone in northeast China and is possibly the ancestor of all the flowering plants in the world today. Pando the quaking aspen … The ring is estimated to be 11,700 years old, making it one of the oldest living organisms on Earth. Japanese umbrella pines grow slowly, which means it can take a long time to grow a sapling large enough to sell. If the definition of lifespan does not exclude time spent in metabolically inactive states, many organisms may be said to have lifespans that are millions of years in length. "Adonis," A Bosnian Pine living high in the mountains of Greece, is Europe's oldest officially dated tree, at 1,075 years. The Mediterranean cypress ( Cupressus sempervirens) [ 3]: These conifers are known for their longevity. Age: 230 million years Scientifically known as Methuselah and its species bristlecone pine tree is the oldest tree in the world found in the higher mountains of California, Nevada, and Utah. At one point there was a large number and variety of Equisetopsida plants but only about 20 species of horsetails survive today. Age: c.470 million years the water caltrop is either an invasive species or an endangered one, Japanese umbrella pines are expensive, rare, and highly sought after, 10 Oldest Protected Areas in the United States, 10 Oldest Avengers in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Common Uses:  Resins such as kauri gum, Manila copper, and dammar gum; yacht hull construction; manufacture of guitars, ukuleles, and Go boards; shipbuilding; house construction; wood paneling; furniture making; mine braces; and railway sleepers. The first ones lived on sulfates and methane that was abundant in Earth’s early atmosphere. There are currently about 22 accepted species of agathis primarily in the Southern Hemisphere and Southeast Asia in countries such as Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Malaysia, and Borneo. Common Uses:  Ornamental garden plant; decoration; specimen plants; bonsai; and landscaping. For scientists, accurately proving the age of any long-lived species is a hard task. In addition to being one of the most ancient plants, cycads are also some of the longest lived – they grow very slowly and can live for up to 1,000 years. Methuselah, a bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California, stands at the ripe old age of about 5,000, making it the oldest known non-cloned organism on Earth. The King Clone ring is one of the oldest living organisms on Earth. The Japanese umbrella pine is a unique conifer tree and has no close relatives. The oldest known water caltrop fossils date back to Cretaceous Alaska (between 145 – 66 million years ago) and today there are only three existing species. 9 Oldest Living Plants in the World Posted by Lauren Johnson 0 Spread the loveWhen doing an online search for the oldest living things on Earth, chances are high that most of… Like many ancient plant species, moss does not produce seeds and spreads through releasing spores. It’s so ancient, the species is known as a 'living fossil'. The Ginkgo biloba is one of the oldest living tree species in the world. Common Uses:  Food and ornamental garden plant. Mature agathis trees are notable for their large trunks that have very little branches below the crown. Common Uses:  Food – can be fried, eaten raw, roasted, boiled, candied, and ground into flour for bread and confections. Welwitschia are long-lived plants with most ranging in age from 500 – 600 years but larger specimens are estimated to be about 2,000 years old. Ancient Bacteria. Occupation sites with older human made structures such as those in Göbekli Tepe do exist, but the structures are monuments and do not meet the definition of building (which can be seen above). Horsetails or Equisetum are the only living genus in the the entire Equisetopsida class of plants. Welwitschia is a unique and strange plant that is native to the Namib Desert. After Vasek hypothesized that the creosote ring was, in fact, one organism, Leonel da Silveira Lobo O'Reilly Sternberg (then a graduate student working in Vasek's lab), documented that plants within a ring had more similar characteristics, than those from other plant clusters. Due to the soft and fragile nature of moss, its presence in the fossil record is limited. Like many of the oldest existing species in the world, the oldest plants are considered “living fossils”. King Clone is thought to be the oldest creosote bush ring in the Mojave Desert. The Wollemi pine is critically endangered and is on the IUCN’s (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List. Location: Extracted from bees encased in amber from … Location:  Subtropical and Tropical parts of the world – largest concentration in South and Central America but also found in Mexico, the southeastern United States, Australia, Micronesia, Japan, China, Southeast Asia, India, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and southern and tropical Africa. 2,200: Coast redwood Sequoia sempervirens: northern California: United States: Dead. This is a list of the 50 oldest people who have been verified to be alive as of the dates of the cited supporting sources. Like most of the plants on this list, the welwitschia is the only living species in its order, family, and genus. This single clonal colony plant of Larrea tridentata reaches up to 67 feet (20 metres) in diameter, with an average diameter of 45 feet (14 m). This single clonal colony plant of Larrea tridentata reaches up to 67 feet (20 metres) in diameter, with an average diameter of 45 feet (14 m). On 3 May 2002, scientists announced the discovery of the fossilised remains of the earliest flowering plant discovered to date. [3], Creosote Bush: Long-Lived Clones in the Mojave Desert, Frank C. Vasek, American Journal of Botany, Vol. This oldest living organism have survived every major extinction event including the Permian extinction that killed 90 percent of the species at that time. Wollemia were named for the Wollemi National Park in New South Wales, Australia, which is where the first living specimens were found. Despite its name, Wollemia is not a true pine or member of the the pine family but is related to the Agathis, another ancient plant on this list. By age. Revered for its beauty and its longevity, the ginkgo is a living fossil, unchanged for more than 200 million years. Balearic Islands, Spain. 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