[79][80], Originally it was thought that the temporary pawn sacrifice 9...b5 was an easy equalizer: after 10.Nxb5 Nxe4?! However, Karel Hromádka's experiments with the Benoni Defence in the 1930s occasionally featured the moves ...e7-e6 and ...exd5, resulting in a transposition to the Modern Benoni.[10]. Apparently I never played it when I was growing up. 1.d4 c5 2.d5 Nf6, when 3.c4 e6 would complete the transposition. [125], The Knight's Tour Variation 7.Nd2 immediately sends the knight towards c4, where it attacks the d-pawn; the pressure on it can be increased with moves like Bf4. King's Indian Defense; Mesgen Amanov; Modern Benoni; pawn endings; Plus-Score; Rated Beginners' Open; the baddest part of town; Tournaments; Zugzwang; May 24, 2015. 4.3 out of 5 stars 10. [44] With 19.e5! [94], By far the most popular continuation for White is 8.Bb5+, the Taimanov Attack. It has also been claimed that the opening was originally named after a player named Benoni, who played the opening in the early nineteenth century. Although a number of opening books recommended the 7.Bf4 variation for White in the early 21st century,[136][137] Black appears to be able to maintain the balance in this line. which prepares ...Nbd7 while keeping the pawn on d6 defended. The Modern Benoni Defense starts usually with the moves: 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 White plays d5 to gain space in the center. A collection of notable Benoni games by the greatest attacking player. A rook on e8 puts pressure on White's e-pawn and restrains it from advancing. loses the knight to 9.Qa4+) 8.a4 Qe7, which stops White from playing e2-e4. Available instantly. [74][75], At the 1973 Madrid international tournament Ljubojević demonstrated what is now considered to be Black's most reliable path to equality. [124][125], Play typically proceeds 7.g3 Bg7 8.Bg2 0-0 9.0-0, and now the most common continuation sees Black developing in standard Benoni fashion while White manoeuvres the king's knight to c4, i.e. Home All Courses Openings Endgames Strategy Tactics Blog Help Courses . But a mysterious beginning surely must be apt for such a mysterious opening. These two features differentiate Black's setup from the other Benoni defences and the King's Indian Defence, although transpositions between these openings are common. Thus players who are seeking the typical imbalance in pawn structure associated with the Modern Benoni tend to prefer the immediate 3...e6 followed by 4...exd5. https://www.chess.com/article/view/attack-and-defense-in-the-modern-benoni [45], A famous example of the e4-e5 break leading to a kingside attack occurred in the game Penrose–Tal from the 1960 Leipzig Olympiad. [5], Black can also try to reach the Modern Benoni through a Benoni Defence move order, i.e. Then there was the combinational explosion with 21...Nxd5. This version of the origin of the opening, while romantic, is debated. Taking the pawn with 3.dxc5 is hardly ever seen, because Black easily recovers it after 3...e6 followed by ...Bxc5. [12][19] The young Garry Kasparov also had the defence in his arsenal—his win against Viktor Korchnoi at the 1982 Lucerne Olympiad[21] Famous examples include his game against Bukhuti Gurgenidze at the 1957 USSR championship, excerpted below, and his win against Yuri Averbakh at the same tournament the following year. Although this move gains space in the centre, it also gives Black a target of attack on the half-open e-file. [62] After the game's 22...c4 23.a5! runs into 8.Qa4+!, when 8...Bd7 9.Qb3 or 8...Nbd7? With accurate play Black was able to finally crash White's position. The Modern Benoni is classified under the ECO codes A60–A79. The successes of Tal and Fischer inspired a new generation of players to take up the Modern Benoni in the 1970s and 1980s, including Walter Browne,[19] Ljubomir Ljubojević,[12][19] John Nunn,[12][19] Dragoljub Velimirović,[12][20] Lev Psakhis,[12][19] Mihai Suba[12][19] and Nick de Firmian. In his latest database for Modern Chess, one of the best Benoni experts in the world, GM Mihail Marin provides you with a complete Benoni repertoire. First White apparently had some positional pressure, but Psakhis' resourceful, cagey play (in particular, 18...Qe7) suceeded in muddying the waters. This opening is known for creating dynamic, imbalanced positions where each side will have a chance to play for a win! First of all, experience is crucial. Why? Then compare them to the move actually played, play White’s response, and repeat. To support their advance, the king's bishop is usually fianchettoed on g7. The Benoni Defense was first mentioned – and got its name – from an 1825 manuscript by Aaron Reinganum, Ben-oni, or the Pawn-Sacrifice Defense in Chess. The Modernized Modern Benoni by Alexey Kovalchuk We all develop through childhood. With 1... c5, Black takes a sideways swipe at the central d-pawn. catching Alexander Beliavsky in the lead and ultimately sharing first place with him. However, 8.a4 Bg7 is the most popular continuation, when White can aim for a transposition to the Classical Main Line with 9.e4. So I will show you the game. The Gambit Guide to the Modern Benoni. But in this move order Black can also prevent the transposition with 7...a6 (the immediate 7...Qe7? As mentioned above, were Black to delay the capture on d5, White would then gain the option of recapturing with the e-pawn. Anot… [78][76] The desire to prevent ...Bg4 led to the development of the Modern Main Line, 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.h3 0-0 9.Bd3. This pawn structure necessarily gives White a space advantage from the first few moves. It offers Black a fighting game right from the opening and is ideal for counter-attacking players who like to strive for the initiative right from the opening moves, such … [14][15] [17] In the 1960s Larry Evans began employing the system frequently, and from 1966 onwards, Bobby Fischer also included it in his repertoire, albeit as a secondary weapon. I almost didn't mind losing this one! [66], With 7.f4 White stakes out even more space in the centre and threatens to overrun Black's position with a quick e4-e5. This plan became popular in the 1970s after Fischer used it,[64] and although it is riskier than the alternatives, it remains Black's best option to complicate the game. In general, the Modern Benoni pawn structure can be characterized as half-closed. Black threatens to exchange the c pawn against a central pawn. Penrose soon crashed through on the f-file and scored a stunning upset over the reigning world champion. There was a spark in our eyes to fight again [30] At the beginning of the new millennium, the theoretician John Watson published a well-regarded survey of the opening[31] that may have contributed to the opening's revival. The most common is the Modern Benoni, which involves the trade of the white c-pawn for the black e-pawn, reaching the following pawn structure: The main elements of the pawn structure are the rival pawn majorities – White’s in the center, and Black’s on the queenside, and the backward d6 pawn. This includes both tournament games and blitz games. [10][34] Thus the opening has acquired a reputation for being risky:[39] as Psakhis once wrote, the Modern Benoni "is definitely not an opening for cowards. Modern Benoni. A56 - Benoni defence: 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 c5 . He also became the first player to use the Modern Benoni in a world championship match, playing it twice against Mikhail Botvinnik in 1960. In 1982, Nunn concluded his analysis of the Taimanov with the words, "Black badly needs a new idea against 8.Bb5+ and 9.a4 to keep the Benoni in business";[100] two years later, he had given up the opening altogether. However, White often prefers not to play 3.c4, since it takes away a useful square from a white knight. Qe7 24.Bd4 Black's queenside play had ground to a halt; Pintér later won with a pawn advance on the kingside. The sharp variation 9...Re8 10.0-0 c4 received significant attention in the mid-1990s,[86] but after 11.Bxc4 Nxe4 12.Nxe4 Rxe4 13.Bg5 Black has yet to demonstrate clear equality. Because of. The dynamic Modern Benoni Defense has undergone something of a revival over the past five or six years. Naturally, it is best if you take some time to actually analyze your games. [36][39] The exchange of White's c-pawn for Black's e-pawn leaves White with a pawn majority in the centre and Black with one on the queenside. Black's position remains solid but offers fewer active possibilities than after 10...Nbd7. After the initial moves 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6, the moves 4.Nf3 and 4.g3 reach positions discussed previously, while 4.dxe6 fxe6 is also ineffective, since Black gains a half-open f-file and the chance to take over the centre with ...d7-d5. I have read in forums on other chess sites that Benoni books tend to be quite depressing for Black. [24] Later it was realized that Black can prevent the bishop check with 9...a6! [129][130], The Fianchetto Variation is often reached via transposition from other openings. [46] Other classic examples[47][48] of this central breakthrough include Ojanen–Keres, Estonia–Finland match, Helsinki 1960[49] I really liked this varied, adventurous game. I did that with the following beautiful and tough struggle between Psakhis and GM Spiridon Skembris, from the Olympiad, held in 1990 in Novi Sad (the city where I live!). Modern Benoni. Even though this would give Black the opportunity to establish a passed c-pawn with ...c5-c4, blockading the queenside in this manner may allow White to pursue play in the centre and on the kingside undisturbed. [93] After 7...Bg7 White can transpose to the main line of the Four Pawns Attack in the King's Indian Defence with 8.Nf3 0-0 9.Be2. After the initial moves, Black proceeds to capture on d5, creating a majority of black pawns on the queenside. The pawn move prevents White from driving away the knight with f2-f4, and sets up the possibility of Black bringing a knight on f4 via g6 or h5. [56] After 18.Bf3 Qh2 19.Ne3 f5! ), and 1.d4 c5 2.d5 e5, are seen less often nowadays. [76], Black is not obliged to allow this transposition though: 7...Bg7 is also playable. If you need an opening which is dynamic, strategically sound and offers plenty of possibilities to outplay your opponent, the Modern Benoni is your bread and butter. Game 44 Vladimirov vs Tal, 1988 (A56) Benoni Defense, 32 moves, 0-1. By staking out an advantage in space on the kingside, it allows White to develop an initiative on that side of the board. He played it twice, gaining a draw against José Raúl Capablanca in the Fianchetto Variation, but losing soundly to Aron Nimzowitsch, who played the Knight's Tour. Its subsequent adoption by players of a similarly aggressive and uncompromising style such as Bobby Fischer and Garry Kasparov established the opening's reputation as one of Black's most dynamic responses to 1.d4. [43], The central pawn majority is White's main positional trump in the Modern Benoni. These ideas will give you the chance to win more chess games in a short time. Nimzowitsch received the third special prize of the tournament for this game and labelled Marshall's opening an "unfortunate" "extravagance" in his annotations;[9] as a result, it lay virtually abandoned for decades. The Benoni is a sharp 1. d4 opening. After 7...Bg7 8.Qa4+! With the knight on c4, Black's ...b7-b5 break may be met by axb5 followed by Na5, when the arrival of a white knight on c6 could severely disrupt Black's position. First, Watson showed that the disruptive check 9...Qh4+ was playable,[103] the point being that after 10.g3 White is no longer able to bring the bishop on c1 to the squares g3 or h4, where it can assist in White's kingside attack. because 23.bxc5 Rxb1 24.Rxb1 dxc5 25.Bxc5 would have left White's central pawns unstoppable. Paperback Chess Developments: The Modern Benoni. [131] Black can counter this plan with 7...Nbd7 intending 8.Nc4 Nb6, while 8.e4 Bg7 9.Be2 0-0 10.0-0 would lead to a major variation of the Classical Main Line after 10...Re8, with White having avoided Ljubojević's plan of ...Bg4. I am convinced that the repertoire covered in this database provides … [7][8], The Modern Benoni was invented by Frank Marshall at the New York 1927 chess tournament. White can deny Black this target for the time being by playing 6.Nf3 first. Over time, myattention focusedon the Modern Benoni. It is classified under the ECO codes A60–A79. [46] As a further deterrent to Black's queenside expansion, White often moves the knight on f3 to c4 via d2. Norwood used the Benoni to score some excellent results in his chess youth (see his classic game versus Saeed in the Fianchetto Variation). [58] White answered Black's 21...b5 with 22.b4!, and Black was unable to keep the queenside open with 22...bxa4? 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