The Oromo language is spoken by 38.6 million people who are 34.4 % of the population of Ethiopia. /ʃ/ = sh inshop 1.2. Downloads. Amharic is spoken by more than 17 million people, which is about one third of Ethiopia’s population (and another third speak Oromo language). We cover that and more in this article. Hudson, Grover. only $ 480 /year. Walking the streets of Addis Ababa, one can hear many different languages being spoken. A number of languages are spoken in Ethiopia with most of their origin in the Semitic language, the majority being, the Amharic and the Tigrinya. Zelealem Leyew. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. Besides, the Nilotic peoples who are a minority ethnic grou… The Aksumites developed Ge'ez, a unique script derived from the Sabean alphabet, and it is still used by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church today. Some of the common phrases in both Oromo and Amharic languages that a visitor can easily learn include: in Amharic, one can say “Seh-Lahm” to mean “Hello/Peace”, or say “Awo” to mean “Yes”. how many languages in ethiopia is one of the most frequently asked questions. 1998. Ethiopia is a mosaic of about 100 languages that can be classified into four groups. Other writing systems have also been used over the years by different Ethiopian communities. However, in academic linguistics, "Nilotic" is only part of "Nilo-Saharan", a segment of the larger Nilo-Saharan family. The residents also speak the minority languages; especially the older generation. A huge percentage of the languages spoken in the country belong to the Afroasiatic family which comprises of Cushitic and Semitic languages. Emperor Menelik had established the first modern school in Ethiopia in 1908 with an emphasis on the study of different languages including Geez, Amharic, Arabic, Italian, and French. Overview. The vast majority of languages belong to the Semitic, Cushitic, or Omotic groups, all part of the Afro-Asiatic language family. there are many languages in Africa. All the existing Khoisan languages are confined to southern Africa, with two exceptions: the click-laden Hadza and Sandawe languages spoken in Tanzania, some 1,500 miles from … Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family (Semitic and Cushitic languages; Omotic languages are also spoken, but their classification as Afroasiatic remains disputed). Amharic has a rich consonant system. In terms of writing systems, Ethiopia's principal orthography is the Ge'ez script. 1998. Still, many agree that the number lies around 2,000. Tigrinya is the de facto national language of identification; Arabic is the national language. Employed as an abugida for several of the country's languages, it first came into usage in the sixth and fifth centuries BC as an abjad to transcribe the Semitic Ge'ez language. A number of Ethiopian languages may not be spoken and may become extinct some of these languages are Weyto, Gafat, and Mesmes, Ongota and they will soon be extinct. As a result, European languages, or colonial languages, became the official language(s) in most Africa countries. After the fall of the Derg in 1991, the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia granted all ethnic groups the right to develop their languages and to establish first language primary education systems. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia 2019; The largest family is the Afroasiatic family which consists of both Cushitic and Semitic languages. Many of the ethnic languages that are spoken in Nigeria are also expressed in neighboring countries. that Ethiopian language education policy falls broadly within the parameters of ‘best policy’ in terms of multilingual developing countries.” He notes however that “as is the case in many other countries, implementation is not always aligned with actual policy” (Bogale, 2009, pp. Expanded PDF Digest, 80 pp. /ʒ/ = s in vision 1.5. You can easily find many Ethiopians speaking their native language alongside English or Oromo and Amharic together. Amharic was the language of primary school instruction but has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Tigrinya. The languages spoken in Ethiopia have their origin in the last, which is the Southwestern or Southern Semitic Languages. Ethiopia has approximately ninety different languages. [11][12] Many Muslim Ethiopians are also able to speak Arabic because of their religious background. Home About Contribute Contact Languages Some Structural Signs of Obsolescence in K’emant. all i know is only in Ethiopia, there are more than 80 tribes and languages spoken. This, including the new language policies of Ethiopia, has effectively strengthened the use of a number of Ethiopian languages. in the southwest. In the previous articles, we have given National Tree of India (Banyan) and How to Open a School in India. See language lists, maps, statistics, and more. It uses a system taken from the Ge’ez script which serves as an abugida for various languages in the spoken area of Eritrea and Ethiopia. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia, Due to the Federal laws of Ethiopia, the Amharic language is considered the official language despite having the second largest population of speakers. Nilo-Saharan Language Family The Nilo-Saharan language family includes 204 extremely diverse languages spoken by roughly 35 million people in the interior of northern Africa, including the greater Nile basin and its tributaries, as well as the central region of the Sahara desert. Map 2 (found below) shows languages that were introduced to Africa when Africa was colonized by European countries. Next to Arabic, the second most widely spoken language under the Semitic family of languages is Amharic, the official language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. These languages are drawn from three separate families. Overview. However, a number of Ethiopian languages … In Ethiopia, English is the most widely spoken foreign language. Ge'ez is the ancient language, and was introduced as an official written language during the first Aksumite kingdom when the Sabeans sought refuge in Aksum. Some of … This is a marked change to the language policies of previous governments in Ethiopia. There are ninety languages that are spoken in Ethiopia (according to the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue). Phonetics and phonology . As far as diversity goes, Ethiopia has over 80 different ethnolinguistic groups. According to Ethnologue, many of Ethiopia's languages are endangered. Hayward, Richard J. 1998b. 2016. See language counts and details for Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today; And more! According to current data, nearly 22 million people speak Amharic as their first language in Ethiopia and it has over 4 million second-language speakers within the country and a further 3 mi… A distinguishing feature of consonants in Amharic is the presence of emphaticsounds /p’/, /t’/, /k’/, /ts’/, /tʃ”/ which are produced with the root of the tongue retracted. Ethiopian speak almost 88 languages. In. $299.95. Amharic, along with Arabic, Hebrew and Tigrinya, are the most spoken Semitic languages in the world by way of native Determining the number of languages spoken in Africa can be complex, mostly because it can be difficult to determine whether two languages are distinct or simply dialects of the same language. Among the major varieties are West Central Oromo and Borana-Arsi-Guji. "The Oromo Orthography of Shaykh Bakri Saṗalō", "Statistical Tables for the 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Country Level", http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/3583/download/50086, http://www.ethnologue.com/18/language/amh/, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Bibliographic database of Ethiopian languages by SIL Ethiopia, Endangered languages of Ethiopia at Endangered Languages Project, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Ethiopia&oldid=985437130, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Appleyard, David. Dominant population group in Highland Ethiopia since the late 13th century [ 15 ] 70 % of Ethiopian... The total population how many languages are spoken in ethiopia both Cushitic and Semitic languages the written language is Amharic, Tigrinya, Tigre and... 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