Africa, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, China, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, North America, Pacific, Pakistan, Philippines, SE Asia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Of course, this is where the name, duckweed, comes from. Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) Seed - we have no information on this species but, since it can spread rapidly by division, it really needs no extra help once it is in a pond. These pl… You can unsubscribe at anytime. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. Duckweed is the common name for any of 11 species of aquatic plant, known scientifically as Wolffia. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. 3. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Wolffia globosa. Hartog. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Basionym: Lemna globosa Roxburgh 1832. Wolffia globosa is an aquatic, edible duckweed, the smallest plant on earth, and it offers all nine EAAs, dietary fibers, polyphenols, iron, zinc and B 12 vitamin. Researchers in Israel have created a high protein yielding duckweed called Mankai which has proven to offer a variety of health benefits. * Important announcements and news Bacteria and some fungi are the only lifeforms we know of that produce biologically active B12. It over-winters in temperate areas by means of resting buds which sink to the bottom of the pond in the late autumn and rise again in the spring[200 ]. Abstract This study aimed to develop a suitable culture system for the mass production of Wolffia globosa for human consump- tion. An aquatic plant, it floats upon the surface of still or slowly flowing water[183. Wolffia is a genus of duckweed which are considered the world's smallest of flowering plants (angiosperms). A pond plant, it requires a sunny position in still water that is rich in nitrates and lime[200 ]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Wolffia arrhiza is an evergreen Perennial. *, Wolffia globosa: Source: https://alchetron.com/Wolffia, Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. This ability also makes it a highly nutritious plant. Wolffia globosa (Roxburgh) Den Hartog and Van der Plas Tropical Watermeal. All plant pages have their own unique code. Accessed Nov. 11 2018. Araceae. The Plant List. I live in a part of Thailand where duckweed has long been consumed by humans. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 11. International Plant Names Index. Thai woman harvesting "khai-nam" (Wolffia globosa) from a duckweed pond in Thailand. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Add a frozen cube or two when cooking a soup. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. & Plas. This study is not the first to note the surprising nutritional value of duckweed. Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) Amazingly, Wolffia, also possesses the vitamin B12, making Wolffia one of the few non-animal sources of the vitamin(1). Commonly called watermeal or (mistakenly) duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble specks of cornmeal floating on the water. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. Citation: WOLFFIA GLOBOSA (Roxburgh) Hartog & Plas, Blumea 18: 367. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. These smallest vascular plants will grow in the area of nutrient-rich ponds with inert or little flow. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a … Description: Roots: None. For pond owners, duckweed is seen as a real nuisance. Hartog & Plas; Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) We are currently updating this section. With Wolffia being such a proliferious water plant, it is an abdundant and natural source of vitamin B12. var s = '' It is in leaf all year, in flower all year, and the seeds ripen all year. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. 2018. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. * Exclusive content not on the website Blumea 18: 367; 1970 . Experts say plant proteins have additional health benefits that include anti-inflammatory characteristics. Reports for the uses of this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia arrhiza[301 ]. CONCLUSIONS Wolffia globosa Mankai duckweed may serve as an emerging alternative plant protein source with potential beneficial postprandial glycemic effects. It over-winters in temperate areas by means of resting buds which sink to the bottom of the pond in the late autumn and rise again in the spring[200 ]. This means that anabaena is not a contaminant and provides some metabolic benefit to its host (possibly sugars and/or immune responses). Hartog. Araceae + Synonyms. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a, Lentein Protein Powder made from Wolffia: Image Source: Science Daily, Amazingly, Wolffia, also possesses the vitamin. Reports for the uses of this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia arrhiza… Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a vegetable meatball. You will receive a range of benefits including: Wolffia globosa in The Plant List Version 1.1. No plant part is of medicinal use. A method of increasing biomass yield of a Wolffia culture per unit growth medium essentially without formation of turions is provided. A Wolffia globosa-based shake replacing dinner resulted in lower next-morning fasting glucose levels (83.2 ± 0.8 vs. 86.6 ± 13 mg/dL; P = 0.041). While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). Another Wolffia's "talent" is the ability to propagate with incredible speed.I n warm water and under bright light each plant can double its size every 2 days, r apidly taking over any surface of water. This QR Code is unique to this page. If available other names are mentioned here. Wolffia species are free-floating thalli, green or yellow-green, and without roots. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Blend a partially thawed cube or two into a pesto sauce. W. globosa was grown in five different culture systems (static, vertical aeration, horizontal surface agitation, system with top water … Here are a few ways you can use Mankai: Pop a frozen cube into a fruit smoothie. It is a tropical and subtropical plant and one of the smallest flowering plants worldwide. In the wild, duckweeds tend to grow in poor water. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[238 ]. Water lentils (also known as lemnoideae, lemna minor, wolffia globosa, water lenses, duckweed protein) are a complete food, so they contain everything from vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to plant protein to dietary fiber! & Plas. Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. Edible Parts: LeavesEdible Uses: Leaves - cooked. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Wolffia has been used for centuries as a food source; and more recently, it has been noticed and used for its ability to efficiently take up excess nutrients from bodies of water; thus helping to clean up waterways. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The method comprising subjecting the culture to volumetric cultivation conditions such that the Wolffia plant of the Wolffia culture grows … Wolffia arrhiza is among the smallest plants in the world; if you swipe your hand through a pond of it, your fingertips will come away covered in hundreds of individual tiny plants. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Wolffia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Published online. They are equivalent in nutrient density to … In Thailand, the species used for human c… The flower is produced in a depression on the top surface of the plant body. Harvesting Wolffia globosa In Thailand. Khai nae, Khai-nam, Kipum, Mijinko-uki-kusa, Wu gen ping, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Wolffia is a genus of 9 to 11 species which include the smallest flowering plants on Earth. People following the "green" Mediterranean diet ate higher quantities of plant matter, including 100 grams of frozen cubes of wolffia globosa, a plant-based protein, in a … The shake was intended to replace animal protein. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. An Israeli startup, Green Onyx, is working on a standalone duckweed appliance. A pond plant, it requires a sunny position in still water that is rich in nitrates and lime[200 ]. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. More interesting facts about Wolffia is below in the links and video below: * Biofuel, Omega-3's (ALA's), and No Land Use needed. Wolffia, which has the smallest blossom in the world, reproduces quickly making it a sustainable crop if the water is wholesome, which is a significant problem. Wolffia globosa is an evergreen Perennial at a fast rate. For more information about QR Codes click here. Right plant wrong place. Wolffia globosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. An excellent flavour, they taste somewhat like a sweet cabbage[183 ]. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Individuals often float together in pairs or form floating mats with related plants, such as Lemna and Spirodelaspecie… Background & aims: While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. The family name of this plant is Araceae which comes under the order Alismatales (Water plantains). Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Common Name: Khai Nam. Wolffia Arrhiza is one of the free-floating aquatic plants mostly found in the area of Pennsylvania. Published on the internet. Thus, we attempted to express a protective edible vaccine antigen against fish vibriosis in nuclear-transformed Wolffia. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. The plant itself averages 1/42″ long and 1/85″ wide or about the size of one candy sprinkle. The Plant List 2013. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Easy cultivation, high yield and nutritional value made Wolffia an important food source for people of South-east Asia, where it is harvested and eaten. Blend or whisk a thawed cube into pancake or waffle batter that serves 4. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Indeed, if you search for duckweed online, you are more likely to come across articles about how to get rid of the stuff than articles about how to cook it. As reported in the ISCDRA report by Sree and Appenroth (2016), water lentils – and especially species of the Wolffia genus – have been traditionally consumed globally as a component of a nutritious human diet in a variety of meals or snacks. To find B12 in the tissues of plants hints that it was either taken up by the plant or somehow produced in the plants (like how B12 producing bacteria are in animal host's guts for instance). Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Let’s start with Wolffia globosa which is used as a vegetable in Burma, Laos and Thailand. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. Duckweeds represent a small family of aquatic floating monocots consisting of 37 species distributed all over the world (Landolt, 1986; Sree et al., 2016). Wolffia Arrhiza is a rootless floating […] We will not sell or share your email address. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. However, it has been known for some time that the Wolffia genus have a symbiotic relationship with the cyanobiont, Anabaena azollae. This introduction may be deliberate or unintended and o… Floating on quiet waters[204 ]. The floating plant, growing with the much larger Spirodela polyrhiza ... General Information Khai Nam is one of the smallest flowering plants in the world. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. Wolffia globosa - (Roxb.) Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. 1. "Khai-nam" is the Thai word for "water eggs," and the wolffia plants resemble millions of tiny green eggs. This bacteria is actually photosynthetic and produces B12 (2). For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. There are probably many more species of plants that possess B12 as a result of symbiosis (still being researched). It has one stamen and one pistil. Andrey Zharkikh from Salt Lake City, USA wikimedia.org. Wolffia globosa - Mankai plant-based protein contains bioactive vitamin B12 and is well absorbed in humans Published in. Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. A rare native of southern Britain, growing in still waters[17 ]. Their daily menu consisted of 100 grams of frozen Wolffia globosa cubes that were taken in the form of a green plant-based protein shake. It is frequently observed that animals, such as ducks, swans, or geese, feed on duckweeds growing naturally in ponds or lakes. Type: INDIA: It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. Some duckweeds are introduced into freshwater aquariums and ponds where they may spread rapidly. Overall, postprandial glucose levels from the shake administration until the next morning were lower in the Wolffia globosa Mankai green shake compared with the yogurt shake (P < 0.001). Sometimes it is cited as an overlooked source for application as a food for a hungry world that produces more protein than soybeans. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). 5% fat and are rich in vitamins A, B2, B6, C and nicotinic acid[183 ]. It is packed with nutrients such as nine essential amino acids, dietary fibers, polyphenols, iron, and zinc. Hartog & Plas is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Wolffia (family Araceae). It is also useful as a form of agricultural and municipal water treatment. Angiosperms. Water lentils (also known as lemnoideae, lemna minor, wolffia globosa, water lenses, duckweed protein) are a high source of Vitamin A, B Vitamins, iron, and calcium, and an excellent source of antioxidants. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern. Wolffia is a genus of nine to 11 species which include the smallest flowering plants on Earth. How to say wolffia globosa in English? These plants are the fastest growing angiosperms (Sree et al., 2015; Ziegler et al., 2015) and may cover ponds or lakes within a few days under favorable growth conditions. Duckweed is an important high-protein food source for waterfowl and also is eaten by humans in some parts of Southeast Asia (as khai-nam). The plants grow quickly and take up large amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus from the water. The plant is prolific in its reproduction, growing in floating mats that can be harvested every 3 to 4 days; it has been shown to double its population in less than four days in vitro. Wolffia globosa, commonly known as Khai Nam or Water-Eggs, is a very small aquatic herb with free floating fronds. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. High protein yielding duckweed called Mankai which has proven to offer a variety of health benefits containing! Araceae which comes under the order Alismatales ( water plantains ), growing in still water that is in! 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