Table 5: Canadian shares of NAFO-managed 2+3KLMNO groundfish stocks. Various studies are currently being conducted to improve our understanding of the important ecological processes relevant to groundfish. The Groundfish Advisory Committee will be comprised of representatives from DFO, the harvesting and processing sectors, Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Indigenous Organizations, and environmental non-governmental organizations. An array of acoustic receivers along the eastern and northeastern Newfoundland is maintained by DFO to support the acoustic telemetry program. Projections of the stock were not performed, but given the poor strength of all year classes subsequent to 2006, the stock will not reach Blim in the next three years. Groundfish identification - Common Pacific groundfish.  Refer to the Fisheries Management Decision for more details. Figure 9: Total DFO monitoring and surveillance hours per species in Canadian 2+3KLMNO waters for 2013-2017 period (Conservation and Protection, DFO-NL Region). VMS data will also be relied upon for future analysis and comparisons of fishing activity. capelin, sandlance, herring) and/or larger invertebrates (e.g. Reproductive patterns differ between species. This policy does not apply to any catch that harvesters are licensed to direct for and that is retained. Water depth restrictions in place when using longlines. Specifically: An overview of stock-specific measures for 2+3KLMNO groundfish are outlined below in Table 9.  Please note that the table does not include any stocks currently under moratorium, and that measures are subject to change. The Performance Review outlines the activities and controls that are used in achieving Additional stock-specific measures from CHPs are outlined in Appendix 1, Table 8. We have used a statistical analysis of co-occur-rence of species in the catches of groundfish sur-veys and then assessed the biological validity of the areas so generated from considerations of stock discrimination. Spawning closure: 3LNO closed to directed fishing for yellowtail flounder for six-week period, commencing in June. The VMS monitoring requirement applies to all vessels fishing groundfish in Canadian waters of 2+3KLMNO, except vessels that are in the less than 10.668m (35ft) in Length Overall category.  All groundfish vessels fishing in the NAFO Regulatory Area outside Canada’s 200 mile limit are required to have a VMS device onboard that transmits positional information on an hourly basis, in addition to its course and speed.Â. The average landed value of groundfish in 2+3KLMNO over the 2008-2017 period was approximately $48 million. Catch (tonnes) per year in 2+3KLMNO by species category (2008-2017). Participation in the advisory process should be balanced and reflect the broad range of interest of the membership. Participants will maintain a professional manner and refrain from discussions of a personal nature. As owners of the majority of the Canadian quota and with the resurgence of groundfish quotas off Newfoundland’s east coast, OCI is perfectly positioned to offer a wide variety of the best tasting groundfish in the world. Since about 1985, the biomass decline has been accompanied by major shifts in the geographic distribution of almost every species. an incorrect application of licensing policies; All fishing gear must be returned to port with the vessel at the end of the fishing trip. Long-term Objective: The long-term objective of this Conservation Plan and Rebuilding Strategy is to achieve and to maintain the 3NO Cod Spawning Stock Biomass (SSB) in the ‘safe zone’, as defined by the NAFO Precautionary Approach framework, and at or near B,  Interim Milestone: As an interim milestone, increase the 3NO Cod Spawning Stock Biomass (SSB) to a level above the Limit Reference Point (B, Limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (B, An intermediate stock reference point or security margin B, Limit reference point for fishing mortality (F, A re-opening of a directed fishery should only occur when the estimated SSB, in the year projected for opening the fishery, has a very low4 probability of actually being below B. Note: Before engaging in ocean sportfishing for groundfish and associated species, please review one of the resources listed in Footnote 1 to receive the most up-to-date regulations. Information on purchasing licenses, permits, tags and other entitlements, can be found on CDFW’s Online License Site. The meeting schedule is at the call of the chair, with the schedule to be adjusted as the need requires. Juvenile groundfish may settle to bottom habitats and remain relatively stationary throughout their life or migrate large distances annually for feeding, spawning or overwintering. As most inshore fleets in Newfoundland and Labrador were primarily dependent on the cod fishery, the closure resulted in severe declines in revenue for those enterprises and significant economic impact within the province. Efficient: Fixed Gear >65’: 10.000% Trawl: fishing gear; a cone-shaped net towed in the water by a boat called a "trawler". annual routine vessel maintenance (i.e. Applying the Precautionary Approach to fisheries management decisions entails establishing a harvest strategy that: Groundfish stocks assessments are written in a manner consistent with DFO’s Precautionary Approach.  For more information visit the Sustainable Fisheries Framework website. Gillnets and hook and line (longline) gear may not be fished during the same fishing trip, unless an at-sea observer is onboard. At-sea observers are randomly deployed to observe, record and report aspects of the fishing activity. Published CSAS reports can be found here. Lumpfish landings are not subject to dockside monitoring, but 100% of groundfish bycatch landed in the lumpfish directed fishery are subject to DMP. Gillnet: fishing gear: netting with weights on the bottom and floats at the top used to catch fish. Holyrood, Newfoundland and Labrador – Ken McDonald, Member of Parliament for Avalon (Newfoundland and Labrador), on behalf of the Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, today announced the recreational groundfish (cod) fishing season for Newfoundland and Labrador and Quebec’s Lower North Shore, along with the management … Catch monitoring is important to the overall management of fisheries, including quota monitoring and scientific assessment processes.  Logbooks, dockside monitoring program, daily hails, vessel monitoring systems (VMS), and at-sea observers are required in many 2+3KLMNO groundfish fisheries. As of April 2018, there were a total of forty (40) 2+3KLMNO groundfish communal commercial licences authorized in the Newfoundland and Labrador Region. In addition, there are ongoing efforts to improve selectivity of fishing gear, to reduce the environmental impact of gear, and to maximize post-release rates of survival for released individuals.Â, Bycatch is monitored by DFO through dockside monitoring programs (by independent third-party), daily hails, logbooks, and at-sea observers (refer to Section 7). First, to ensure that Canadian fisheries are managed in a manner that supports the sustainable harvesting of aquatic species and that minimizes the risk of fisheries causing serious or irreversible harm to bycatch species. It is read from left to right starting with the species common name, the species scientific name and the last column is the species stock area. In addition, in May 2016 I was appointed as the Independent Chairperson of the Newfoundland and Labrador Groundfish Industry Development Council (NL-GIDC). More information on the background and drivers for Canada’s Marine Conservation Targets. No large recruitments have been observed since 2000. The biomass index in three of the surveys have declined and are low in 2017, while two have increased and are at a time series high in 2017.  Results of all surveys indicate that recruitment (age 4) has been below average since 2009. Inshore components were small relative to the components that historically migrated into the inshore from the offshore during spring/summer. In 2010, most of the New England groundfish fleet moved from a days-at-sea effort control program to a catch share system. This policy has two objectives. Further information can be found on NAFO’s website. Participants who represent a constituency are expected to bring forward the general views, knowledge and experience of those they represent, and report back about deliberations of the consultation activity and reasons for decisions taken. Within the 3LN management unit, relative abundance of S. mentella – S. fasciatus may vary with the recruitment level and survival of juveniles from either species, though S. fasciatus tend to be more abundant in the south (Division 3N) while S. mentella is more abundant in Division 3L. Precautionary Approach: set of agreed cost-effective measures and actions, including future courses of action, which ensures prudent foresight, reduces or avoids risk to the resource, the environment, and the people, to the extent possible, taking explicitly into account existing uncertainties and the potential consequences of being wrong. Changes in the distribution patterns of individual species anticipated changes at the community level. Overall, crustaceans had the greatest landed value, with a landed value of $451 million in 2017. Over the 2013 to 2017 period, groundfish catch has generally increased (refer to Table 4).  While some species, such as redfish, have been more variable, cod has been increasing over that period. DFO strives to manage groundfish stocks based on the principles of stock conservation and sustainable harvest, as well as ecosystem health and sustainability. Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglosoides) is a deep-water flatfish species with a circumpolar distribution through the north Atlantic and Pacific oceans. In 2017, there were 1,638 active groundfish enterprises in the 2+3KLMNO fishery, operating 1,863 vessels. Season dates vary annually and are determined following consultations with industry. Each C&P detachment ensures that monitoring and inspections of fish landing activity are carried out on a routine basis. These informal discussions provide opportunities to review objectives and identify issues for discussion at the advisory meetings. Therefore they are reported collectively as “redfish” in the commercial fishery statistics. Flounders (American plaice, winter flounder, witch flounder, yellowtail flounder), offshore (vessels greater than 100’ in length overall), Scandinavian longliners (greater than 100’), fixed gear. Lumpfish is scheduled to be assessed in March 2019.  A Pre-COSEWIC assessment (Research Document 2016/068) was carried out in November 2015. Fixed Gear 65-100’: 2.609% c Canada is allocated 30.0% of the NAFO TAC for 3O redfish. Flounder includes American plaice, winter flounder, witch flounder, and yellowtail flounder. 1.1 History This history of the groundfish fishery in the Gulf of St. Lawrence really cannot be separated from the history of the rise and the downturn of the cod fishery in Atlantic Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC):  committee of experts who assess and designate which wild species are in some danger of disappearing from Canada. Fisheries and Oceans Canada supports the participation of adjacent Indigenous organizations in commercial fisheries. Ad hoc working groups may be established by the GAC to review specific issues and report their findings to GAC as a whole. The deployment of Conservation and Protection (C&P) resources in the fishery is conducted in accordance with management plan objectives, as well as in response to emerging issues. A subsequent program, Aboriginal Aquatic Resource and Oceans Management (AAROM) Program, was designed for Indigenous groups to collaboratively develop capacity and expertise to facilitate their participation in aquatic resource and oceans management. In the 1990 Sparrow decision, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that where anIndigenous group has a right to fish for Food, Social, and Ceremonial (FSC) purposes, it takes priority, after conservation, over other uses of the resource. Table 8 identifies the specific strategies that are used to The portion of the quota that is not harvested under the initial permit will be subject to a draw. Accountable: Notes: DFO Newfoundland and Labrador region completes an annual internal post-season review with participation from Resource Management, Conservation and Protection, and Science staff. Observers are assigned to fishing vessels operating in the offshore, inshore and near-shore areas. Species at Risk Act (SARA):  a federal law enabling the Government to take action to prevent wildlife species from becoming extinct and secure the necessary actions for their recovery.  It provides the legal protection of wildlife species and the conservation of their biological diversity. Where DFO is responsible for implementing obligations under land claims agreements, the IFMP will be implemented in a manner consistent with these obligations. Individuals with knowledge and technical expertise may be invited to these meetings to contribute to the peer review and development of advice.  A schedule of past and upcoming science advisories is available online.  During the science advisory process, the health of marine ecosystems, the conservation of species at risk, and the status and trends of different stocks of fish, invertebrates and marine mammals in Canada are considered. Since July 30, 2003 all crew members with more than six months at sea are required to have taken minimum Marine Emergency Duties (MED) training or be registered for such training. identifies three stocks status zones (healthy, cautious, and critical) according to upper stock reference points and limit reference points; sets the removal rate at which fish may be harvested within each stock status zone; and. A mixture of bottom-dwelling fishes including cod, haddock, redfish and flounders constitute the groundfish resource. Participants agree to share all relevant information where possible, and to accept the concerns and goals of others as legitimate. Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) negotiates time-limited fisheries agreements with eligible Indigenous organizations to set out fishing arrangements for FSC purposes. In 1977, Canada signed on to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and extended its marine jurisdiction from 12 nautical miles from the coastline, to 200 nautical miles. Year classes recruiting in 2015 and 2016 are among the lowest on record. http://www.isdm-gdsi.gc.ca/csas-sccs/applications/Publications/index-eng.asp. These beacons should be registered with Coast Guard’s National Search and Rescue secretariat. They generally begin with pelagic juvenile stages with a higher incidence of zooplankton in the diet, and change to more demersal habits as they grow, and their diet becomes more reliant on forage fishes (e.g. Scandinavian Long Liners (>100’): 4.928% The committee will work to foster local and industry stewardship and partnerships. In addition, since 2005, DFO has deployed an annual sample of acoustic transmitters in cod to better understand timing and movement of fish. These are considered to be better protected under habitat-related policies, which, in Canada, is the Policy for Managing the Impact of Fishing on Sensitive Benthic Areas. Number of active vessels in 2+3KLMNO groundfish fishery by vessel length (2008-2017). DFO officials work closely with the harvesting and processing sectors in all aspects of fisheries management, science, and conservation and protection. A new marine protected area has been proposed in the Laurentian Channel off the southwest coast of NL, in which all commercial and recreational fishing would be prohibited to conserve biodiversity. Warning: It seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. In many fisheries it is not possible to direct for one species without incidentally capturing others, and/or to avoid the capture of juveniles or other undesired individuals of the target species. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in an independent advisory body to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change that meet twice annually to assess the status of species at risk of extinction.  There are several marine species which occur in Newfoundland and Labrador 2+3KLMNO waters that have been assessed as endangered, threatened or of special concern by COSEWIC, but which are not yet listed under SARA (refer to COSEWIC website.  Should additional species be listed under SARA, there will be a need to address potential impacts to these new species. Source: DFO-NL Catch and Effort Database.  Data preliminary and subject to revision. Requests for nomination to the GAC will be reviewed at the annual meeting. As shown in Figure 1, part of divisions 2+3KLMNO extends beyond Canada’s 200 nautical mile EEZ.  For more details on governance, see Section 1.6.Â. 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