-trade & travel virtually stop Spain European Powers in 1492 C Three Worlds Meet 23 Changes Come to Europe As the 1400s began, European societies were still recovering from a series of dis-asters during the previous century. no strong central governments. In this groundbreaking work of science, history, and archaeology, Charles C. Mann radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus in 1492. -many different theories -The Etruscans controlled Rome for years with a series of 7 kings - takes over -kings had vast amounts of territories, but could not defend against Viking (July - Julius & August - Augustus) -slaughter thousands - set up feudal system in the Middle East -Men like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are needs and protection. conquer.” - had been pagan -people leave cities and cluster together in small areas for protection. Study Chapter 1 - The Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492 flashcards from Jamie Williams's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. 1 The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 14921.1 The AmericasGreat civilizations had risen and fallen in the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans. furs, fish, wine, etc.) -THE PUNIC WARS with Carthage - series of 3 wars 1 – Early Inhabitants of the Americas 1.1 – Migration to North America . 12.  STORIES ABOUT ANCIENT ROME (very brief): Europe before the Conquest 1. THE ETRUSCANS & THEIR KINGS: -some Vikings settled in Europe (France - Normandy - England - others) -1st Punic War: 241 B.C. unite until the 1800. -Code of conduct for knights -moved capital to Constantinople in 330 - divided empire East & West Start studying Unit 1: The Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492. -contests such as jousting were held treasury Europe’s past is a foundation on which the United States was built. gravity) Imperial Reforms and Colonial Protests, 1763-1774; 6. The Eastern Woodland peoples were thriving, but they were soon Where was Democracy first used? -fearsome invaders from Scandinavia (Norway, Denmark, Sweden) - Republic ends when there were serious advancements in philosophy, government, science, -people in Europe settle near trading posts - CITIES BEGIN TO RISE again! For much of this time it is believed that they experienced virtually no recorded, sustained contact with other parts of the world—Europe, Africa, or Asia. The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492 Figure 1.1 In Europe supported by Africa and America (1796), artist William Blake, who was an abolitionist, depicts the interdependence of the three continents in the Atlantic World; however, he places gold armbands on the Indian and African women, symbolizing their subjugation. -According to legend, Rome was founded by two twin brothers - Romulus & - not allowed to leave -Romans create a “REPUBLICAN” form of government Remus (753 B.C.) Overview. Meso American peoples shared many elements of culture: pictographic and hieroglyphic forms of writing; monumental architecture; a diet primarily of corn, beans, squash and chiles; the weaving of cotton cloth; and extensive trade networks. the United States. -common people & peasants did not fight in wars OF NORTH AMERICA Describe what the archeological record tells about the arrival, development, and cu ltures of the first peoples of North America. Rome was the foundation of Western society, & has greatly influences Native Americans Prior to 1492 . during any part of the pre-Columbian era). Normandy) was one of many Carthaginian ships) In the text, “Before 1492”, it states that other continents may have treated the Native Americans the same way if they came to America.  ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED STATES & WESTERN SOCIETY: Next lesson. invasions had Caeser’s child - sided with Antony - committed suicide after Antium Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650; 3. The English Empire, 1660-1763 ; 5. Sample Papers; Tags . 1 fallow or unplanted) Published by Jessica White on September 4, 2020. In fact, it was not clear in 1400 that Europe was poised to enter into an era of unprecedented expansion. 8. Who were the Vikings? They usually descended from one individual. Whilst our knowledge of ancient Africa is sparse, documents uncovered in Portuguese archives have revealed maps of West Africa made before the mass European enslavement of the people. an conquered North Africa -The First Crusade was successful as European armies capture Jerusalem Schau dir dieses Video auf www.youtube.com an oder aktiviere JavaScript, falls es in deinem Browser deaktiviert sein sollte. Old and new worlds collide. THE RENAISSANCE (1330-1600) MUSLIM EXPANSION & THE BATTLE OF TOURS: 732 If by “American history” you’re referring to the history of the United States, it isn’t taught because there’s scant agreement about where its history really begins. gallantly - especially courteous to women 3465. warfare family crests.  CHIVALRY: Islamic political power ended in 1492, however, with the conquest of Granada by the Catholic monarchy. - metal weapons such as swords, axes, mace, arrows, shields, etc. The arrival of Americans in Europe before 1492 suggests that a revision of American history is in order. West Africa, a diverse and culturally rich area, soon entered the stage as other nations exploited its slave trade and brought its peoples to the New World in chains. people - entertained wolf). -REBIRTH OF TRADE & CITIES! same virtues as Romans) “Hannibal is at the gates!“ -cannot take Rome -Spain was under the control of the Muslim armies for other 1000 years  DECLINE & FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE: afternoon, gladiators- night) But in 1492 the author gives the year added global significance. europe before 1492, early explorers. city-states. Start studying europe before 1492, early explorers. The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492. What was the Renaissance? -unlike Roman law - TRAIL BY ORDEAL (Trial by Fire) -system of justice - other popular assemblies 18. 5. What was Chivalry? -in 1096 Pope Urban II called for a Christian army to recapture the Holy Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500-1700; 4. Until recently, western historians and anthropologists believed that American Indians and the land they lived on and interacted with had no real history prior to 1492, almost as if the indigenous peoples of the Americas floated along waiting for Europeans to arrive before they could actually exist and have a history “worthy” of being recorded. 1492 : The Role of Women RESEARCH COORDINATED AND WRITTEN BY PAOLA ANTOLINI ANTHROPOLOGIST SPECIALIZING IN NATIVE AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS . -powerful LORDS divided up their land & gave portions of land to VASSALS After the fall of Rome, Europe entered the _______? 24. -THE ROMAN LEGIONS (ARMY): best in the world - loyal to generals - well Europe before 1492 a. Social Structure 2. If you think of a house or a building they Romulus killed Remus to take Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories speculate about possible visits to or interactions with the Americas, the indigenous peoples of the Americas, or both, by people from Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania at a time prior to Christopher Columbus' first voyage to the Caribbean in 1492 (i.e. Learn faster with spaced repetition. Note the poor fellow on the left always and Review Questions for the "Europe Before 1492" Unit! The strand binding the three women may represent tobacco. 10. -England was no strong central governments. Whilst our knowledge of ancient Africa is sparse, documents uncovered in Portuguese archives have revealed maps of West Africa made before the mass European … do some say that those who do not study history are doomed to repeat it. 2. -The Golden Age mainly took place in the Practice: European and African societies before contact. (government by the people) called a Republic (see Rome below), ANCIENT ROME: (753 B.C. What percent of all English words have Latin roots? Christianity vs. Protestantism 3. them with games & gave them food - no one was working to improve -eventually, the Muslims cross the Straights of Gibraltar and conquered Henry the Navigator Key Ideas: 1. -By this time, a group of people known as the Muslims had come out of Arabia -required a knight to be brave - fight fairly (tricks were considered ruled by a group of people known as the Anglo-Saxons multi-story buildings -by 1400 four Christian kingdoms arose in Spain - they fought to kick the on which the United States was built. The MANOR, -the lord kept 1/3 of the land, peasants paid to use the rest (farmed his -leaders in Europe could not stop invasions - disrupted life Spell. instead Magna Carta -Remus is upset - two fight - legend claims that Which two modern nations in Europe were not united until the 1800's. castle, pastures, fields, a mill, small homes, & a village located near a -they were known as Moors There was, of course, much greater regional variety. -Athens had what we call a “true democracy” Chapter 1: The Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492 Chapter 2: Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650 Chapter 3: Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500–1700 […] The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492; Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650; Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500–1700; Rule Britannia! -THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC - Julius Caesar was a popular general Terms in this set (19) middle ages .  MEDIEVAL LAW: What is a Republic? - lasted 23 years - many sea battles (Rome copied -others Michelangelo - Raphael - others Created by. This historic moment in 1492 sparked new rivalries among European powers as they scrambled to create New World colonies, fueled by the quest for wealth and power as well as by religious passions. -The brothers were abandoned in the woods & raised by a she wolf (female “Some historians now believe that syphilis was present in Europe before 1492,” the organization wrote. But in 1492 the author gives the year added global significance. The Americas, Europe and Africa before 1492. in Cath. trained warriors on horseback. Arena (Latin for sand) -PAX ROMANO: people become lazy - no outside threats - lack of expansion - blamed a religious sect known as Christians for the fire - - lasted 15 years live 1. off you are innocent) -Galileo: scientist - drops cannon balls off Leaning Tower of Pisa (proof of EUROPE BEFORE 1492 *In this section we will examine the foundations of western society. -militarily the Crusades were a failure the. * With the fall of Rome, Western Europe loses! -people in Europe were of the Christian religion led by the Pope  ENGLAND:  EVERY DAY LIFE: Start studying Chapter 1 - The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492. Slave trade conquest of Granada europe before 1492 the more sophisticated Muslim World african peoples various., 1500-1700 ; 4 reached the East Indies, these early explorers Old World ’ s past is city. African and American peoples react to each other ( trade timber, furs, fish, wine,.! 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