As of March 2020, the population of Gilbert’s Potoroo is estimated to number between 100 and 120 individuals divided between four sub-populations. The current conservation status of Gilberts Potoroo is listed as: Critically Endangered under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act 1999) It has long hind feet and front feet with curved claws which it uses for digging food. About. The Gilbert's potoroo (Potorous gilbertii), sometimes called the "rat-kangaroo", is a critically endangered species of potoroo which lives in small groups or colonies. Gilbert’s Potoroo (Potorous gilbertii) This wee beastie is really really endangered. Gilbert’s Potoroo Potorous gilbertii Conservation Status: Critically Endangered Identification Gilberts potoroo is a small rat-kangaroo marsupial found on the south coast of Western Australia that was considered extinct from the early 1900s until it was rediscovered in 1994 at Two Peoples Bay Nature Reserve east of Albany. Gilbert's potoroos are considered one of Australia's most endangered mammals. Many different factors have contributed to the near extinction of this species. There is a bunch of marupials that are in serious trouble. The species was thought to be extinct from the early 1900s, until it was rediscovered in 1994 on the Mt Gardner headland. This small marsupial is one of the most fungi-dependent mammals anywhere in the world. Its body has large amounts of fur which helps with insulation, and its fur ranges between brown and grey; the color fading on its belly. The Rare Gilbert’s Potoroo, its expensive taste and conservation efforts Integrate Sustainability 26 February 2020 Environment Bryanna Minchin – Business Support Officer Critically Endangered Gilbert’s Potoroo is now recognised as a critically endangered species under both the WA ioversity onservation Act 2016 and Environment Protection and Gilbert’s potoroo, sometimes called the “rat-kangaroo”, is Australia's most endangered marsupial and one of the world's most endangered mammals. Only 40 years after its discovery in 1840, Gilbert’s potoroo disappeared completely, leading researchers to fear it has become extinct, another victim of the changes brought about by European colonization of Australia. Gilbert's potoroos were presumed extinct until the species was rediscovered in Two People's Bay in 1994. Gilbert's Potoroo is currently listed as 'fauna that is likely to become extinct or is rare', under the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 and was listed as a nationally threatened species in 1993 (Endangered Species Protection Act 1993, Environment Protection … Gilbert’s Potoroo is now recognised as a critically endangered species under both the WA Bioversity Conservation Act 2016 and Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.It is estimated that there are less than 40 mature individuals remain in their natural range (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 2019). Australia's most endangered marsupial, the Gilbert’s potoroo, has hope for a better future, with a population genetics study delivering promising results for the species. GILBERT’S POTOROO – the world’s most endangered marsupial –is set to be added to a national ‘conservation hit list’ after the last-known natural population of the species was reduced by two-thirds during fires that tore across Western Australia’s south coast last month..